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Nokia and Apple

by Andrew Watson on 25 October 2009

I noticed that Nokia has lost patience with Apple and decided to bring licensing discussions to a head by issuing proceedings. Poor Apple, like RIM, was late into the 2 and 3G Standards game and the incumbents (Nokia, Ericsson and Qualcomm for 3G) are so embedded in the setting of Standards (and by the way do not intend to let go of that position) that the successful non Nokia handsets find themselves paying a tax to the incumbents on every handset. At least Apple has the competitive advantage of being able to sell a product that has a premium price with its design features and brand premium. RIM and others will find themselves increasingly squeezed by having a tax to pay on each handset where the brand premium is not so obvious.

The way that Nokia and Qualcomm play the Standards game really needs stronger regulation than it gets. I’m not for a second saying it is abusive (I do agree that Nokia deserve, fully deserve, to be compensated for their technology contribution) but they know as does everyone on the inside that Standards are set less by the “essentiality” of the technology, and far more on the influence able to be exerted by them on the Standards bodies.

The double whammy that is often not seen is how they make absolutely sure that others in new and emerging Standards areas are not able to charge a similar tax as they do in 2 and 3G. They know (perfectly) how to play the Standards game, and stop others playing the same way.

FRAND has become a truly meaningless term. The FRAND tax in Europe is way higher than that in Asia for the simple reason that tax is harder to collect in Asia so any tax collected is a bonus. The whole system needs review by a truly objective third party, in my humble humble opinion.

Expect by the way that the two companies have been talking license terms for months if not years.

Apple say “but that’s just a tax, and its twice what you’re charging in Asia, why do we have to accept you giving us a competitive disadvantage (including to you-subplot)”.

Nokia reply “you’re using the standard, and that means the tax, sorry FRAND rate, is payable (and, subplot, “your phones are way cooler than ours and pinching our market share, how do you do that flip thing, wish we’d thought of that”). And, subplot “if you don’t pay up we’ll litigate, and that will hurt your share price, and then you’ll talk to us”.

The whole thing just really lacks imagination doesn’t it. 60% (estimated) of the World is unlicensed under the 2G standard for the simple reason that the tax is too hard to collect. Wouldn’t it be way more efficient for all the big guys to get together with a proper regulator and work out an objective way of rewarding all contributions? Is that really so hard?

If Nokia really wants or needs a motivation to get involved in this initiative it is getting it in the IP-com GmbH (not to be confused with litigation in Germany where little troll (backed by big hedge fund Fortress) is suing Nokia for €18bn. And the irony being that the lawsuit is for…..FRAND tax. Step carefully Nokia or watch out for the day, and you know it is coming, when Intellectual Ventures buy some essential patents.

And, ps, take the whole thing out of the hands of lawyers!!!!

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W3C investigating Apple’s patent

by admin on 24 June 2009

There’s a rather interesting report on the UK ZDNet website about Apple’s refusal to licence royalty-free a patent for use in a proposed web standard. US Patent No 5,764,992 relates to a method for automatically updating software programs on a computer.

W3C Icon

Web standards are set up by the World Wide Web Consortium. Their website states that Apple have apparently noted that this patent applies to the Widets 1.0 specification and have exluded all claims from the royalty-free license commitment of the W3C Patent Policy. The W3C is now asking for prior art to be submitted for review by the patent advisory group for the Widgets

Clearly the W3C group is taking this issue very seriously and its call for prior art to be submitted in an effort to at least potentially invalidate the patent is the first time known to this author that such a procedure has been valid. The patent policy of W3C is, however, different than that of many other standard-making organisations. The patent policy states clearly that any licence may not be conditionable on payment of royalties, fees or other consideration (see section 5 No 3 of the patent policy). Most standard-making bodies seem to state that it is adequate to be prepared to grant licences on FRAND (fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory) terms.

So what will be the outcome? At least a highly interesting discussion – and wouldn’t we all like to be a fly on the proverbial wall during those discussions. Potentially the patent could be declared invalid – if somebody files a request for re-examination at the US Patent Office. It is also possible that companies may choose to license the patent from Apple directly (if Apple is willing to license). In the extreme, the attempts to standardise the widget updating process may fail – since W3C may chose not to adopt any standard at all, rather than a standard which requires a license.

Potentially, of course, the Europeans (or Japanese or Chinese) don’t need to worry – Apple do not seem to have filed the patent outside of the US. However, the moment those updating bytes fly into US territory they could be served with an injunction by nasty Apple bug.


Russian emoticons and a brief update

December 12, 2008

Via Huffington Post comes this story about a Russian entrepreneur who has trademarked the winking smiley face emoticon 😉 sending the IM and texting public into a frenzy. I especially like how he apparently thinks he can treat his “trademark” like a patent and try to require a licence out of anyone who uses it: […]

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